Economics, Featured, News

A New Dawn In Nigerian Agriculture – Harnessing Innovation For Economic Prosperity

Abdulrahman Oyedeni


June 10, 2023

Despite a number of challenges, including high unemployment rates and inflation, Nigeria stands at the precipice of transformative change. One of the most promising sectors primed for this metamorphosis is agriculture. Once the mainstay of Nigeria’s economy, agriculture is witnessing a revitalisation as the nation seeks to diversify its oil-dependent economy. The path towards agricultural prosperity in Nigeria is being paved with technology, innovation, and a vibrant, youthful workforce. 

The heartland of Africa’s most populous nation is vast, with fertile lands that stretch from the rainy southern oil hubs to the dry Sahelian North. It is this wealth of natural resources, coupled with the enterprising spirit of Nigerians, that has begun to attract significant investment into the agricultural sector. The rejuvenation of this sector is not only an economic necessity but also a pathway to food security and job creation.

One of the key drivers of this agricultural renaissance is digital technology. Smallholder farmers, who account for a substantial majority of agricultural activity in Nigeria, have historically lacked access to vital information and services. However, the advent of agricultural technology (AgTech) start-ups is changing this narrative. These companies leverage technology to provide Nigerian farmers with information about weather conditions, crop yield optimisation strategies, market prices, and access to loans and insurance.

Farmcrowdy, for instance, is a Nigerian company that has been dubbed the country’s first digital agricultural platform. It connects small-scale farmers with sponsors, who invest in crop cycles. A sponsor can invest in a farmer for a return on their investment, while the farmer also gets a share of the profits. This sort of crowd-sourcing model addresses a key challenge that many Nigerian farmers face: a lack of access to funding.

Nigeria’s agricultural sector is also set to benefit from a new generation of farmers: young, tech-savvy, and entrepreneurial individuals who see farming not as a subsistence activity, but as a business. They are applying innovative techniques, like hydroponics and aeroponics, to farm in urban environments. They are setting up poultry and fish farms in their backyards, leveraging online platforms to sell their produce directly to consumers, and using renewable energy to power their farming operations. 

There are also positive signals from the Nigerian government, which has recognized the crucial role that agriculture must play in the nation’s economic future. There has been a marked increase in funding for agricultural programs, with several state governments providing land for agricultural use, subsidies for farming equipment, and improved access to low-interest loans for farmers.

However, the journey towards a vibrant, productive, and profitable agricultural sector in Nigeria is not without challenges. Infrastructure deficits, particularly in the area of transportation, storage, and processing facilities, pose significant barriers to the sector’s growth. 

Additionally, while progress has been made in enhancing access to finance for farmers, more needs to be done. Despite the innovative financial solutions offered by AgTech start-ups, the majority of smallholder farmers in Nigeria still do not have access to the capital needed to scale their operations. This is an area where both the government and private sector need to collaborate to devise and implement solutions.

Lastly, there is a need for a comprehensive and sustained effort to attract more young people into agriculture. This involves dispelling the notion that agriculture is a poor man’s job and promoting it as a profitable enterprise and a worthwhile career. 

Nigeria’s agricultural sector holds immense potential not just for economic diversification, but also for food security and poverty reduction. With sustained investment, a conducive policy environment, and the innovative application of technology, there is a hopeful path ahead for agriculture in Nigeria. It is a path that could lead to a more prosperous and resilient nation.


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  • 2. “Agriculture: Nigeria’s new gold?” The Guardian Nigeria. Retrieved from:
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  • 4. “Investing in the future of Nigerian agriculture.” The World Bank. Retrieved from:
  • 5. “Youth in Agriculture: An untapped potential for Nigeria’s Economy.” The Conversation. Retrieved from:

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